There are lots of factors affecting the quality and efficiency of commercial organic fertilizer production, equipment being the very important one. Therefore, manufacturers must pick the most suitable fertilizer machines. In this article, we’ll look at the various processes involved in commercial organic fertilizer production, together with the organic fertilizer machines that are much suitable for application.
There are mainly two processes involved in commercial organic fertilizer production. One is safe organic waste treatment procedure, which is using compost-making materials through fermentation and decomposition. The main raw materials needed here include fermentation organic industrial waste, food, paper filter mud, crop stalks, candy pomace, garbage, municipal sewage sludge, animal manure, etc. The heat generated by the thermophilic bacteria kills all pathogenic microorganisms, eggs, worms, protozoa, bacteria, and viruses that might inhabit wastes.
The other part of the process is the granulation of composting material. The main benefits of organic granulation are to ensure organic fertilizer production that has stable nutrient content, great commercial properties, and fertilizer efficiency for sale, transportation, and further storage.
Organic Materials Fermentation and Decomposition
The process typically utilizes aerobic fermentation as the working principle of compact treatment during commercial industrial production of organic fertilizer. In general, the process consists of material pre-treatment, solid-liquid separation, fermentation, decomposition, and turning. Research has shown that the working principle of the fermentation process entails the microbial decomposition of available organic matter.
The main fermentation parameters here include the (C: N) ratio, humidity, temperature, and gas. Therefore, the fundamental technology of the regulation is to allow a suitable environment for the involved aerobic microorganisms. Heap mild pH value rising brings about nitrogen volatilization losses during the retting process. So, lowering nitrogen loss and avoiding excessive organic matter decomposition of your organic fertilizer are the essentials to improve the quality of the organic fertilizer. All those problems can be solved by adjusting the (C: N) ratio, pH, moisture, temperature, controlling the fermentation time, and improving material pre-treatment.
Fermented Organic Material Granulation
The characteristics of fermented organic materials include granulating difficulty, poor adhesion, and coarse texture. Fermented organic material granulation has been a crucial part of organic fertilizer production for some time now. It can be in disc granulation organic fertilizer production line and new type granulator organic production line. So, what are the organic fertilizer machines used?
– Disc granulation
A disc fertilizer granulation technology can granulate nearly all organic materials. Once the material dries and gets finely pulverized with a sufficient amount of fertilizer, the materials are sent to a disc granulator machine.
– New type granulation
It involves the use of the new type of organic fertilizer granulator, which is an advanced fertilizer granulator machine. The equipment can be useful in all types of organic matters. No drying and crushing are needed in organic fertilizer production.