What should you notice when you select a fertilizer packing machine?

If you’re interested in investing in a fertilizer packing machine, you’ll want to make sure that you choose the right machinery. It’s important to learn as much as you can about the applications of these types of machines, and you’ll want to look at your options as well.

Fertilizer Packing Machines Are Designed To Prepare Fertilizer For Sale

The primary purpose of a fertilizer packing machine is to pack fertilizer so that it can be packaged and sold. Fertilizer is often sold in bags of a specific size, and it is important to ensure that every bag sold is filled appropriately. Packing machines play an essential role in fertilizer production plants.

While it is certainly possible to produce fertilizer for personal use without packing it, it would be very difficult to package and sell fertilizer without using some sort of machinery. You should find a fertilizer packing scale that will help you to achieve your goals.

Not All Machines Have The Same Applications

It’s important to remember that not every fertilizer packing machine operates in the same way. When you are exploring all of your options, you’ll want to make sure you look at the applications of specific machines. You should take the time to compare various machines so that you can find an option that matches your needs. For example, there are some different fertilizer packing machines for your organic fertilizer production or granular compound fertilizer making.

If you assume that every machine on the market is the same, you might wind up buying a machine that won’t work well in your plant. You’ll want to look at the applications of various machines to see which machines have the features that are important to you.

Focus On The Essentials

What do you need your fertilizer packing machine to do? Although these kinds of machines offer an array of features, it’s important to focus on your attention on your base needs. You need to think about things like the type of fertilizer you’ll be packing and the amount of fertilizer that needs to be packaged each day. Want to select a suitable packing machines for your different fertilizer production lines? There are various types of packing machine with different production capacities for your reference.

If you focus your attention in these areas, you’ll be able to find a machine that will do exactly what you need it to do. Try not to get distracted by machines with numerous features. Look for a machine that has the features that are important to you.

Think About Efficiency

When you look at what a fertilizer machine is capable of, you’ll want to think about how easily the machine will be able to carry out that task. If you invest in a machine that is on the slower side, or if you purchase a machine that requires a great deal of maintenance, this could cause some headaches for you. You can’t just look at what a machine does; you also need to think about whether or not the machine does those things well.

Beyond that, you should consider how energy efficient the machine is. If a machine consumes a great deal of power, it could wind up being costly to operate. If you choose to use a machine that runs smoothly and is energy efficient, you’ll be able to save money and purchase a machine you can depend on.

Why should you make manure fertilizer granules?

It has long been a tradition to make use of animal manure in fertilizer. Although under the right circumstances it can be a great source for making fertilizer, it does have some drawbacks. It is important to prepare it properly to prevent some of those potential issues. Here we’ll take a look at why it is important to make manure fertilizer granules.

Prevent High Levels Of Nitrogen

Farmers have long used manure from their animals because of the fact that it has a lot of good nutrients. At the same time, however, it also has nitrogen. The nutrients in manure will vary but often the levels of nitrogen can be extremely high. If this issue is not addressed it has a good potential for killing the plants. When you turn these manure into fertilizer granules, the process removes the nitrogen. It will be broken down in that process. That helps the pellets to be much safer to use than just using the manure without this type of processing.

Stop Potential Weed Infestation

Animals eat a lot of things and as they do they often digest the seeds from the different weeds in the grass. This can get in the system and go undigested. This is then passed when the animal passes its stool. The manure still has those seeds in them. This means if it is used and processed then those seeds are literally planted with the area being treated with that fertilizer. This can cause a serious infestation of weeds. When the manure is turned into fertilizer granules, the manure fertilizer pellet making process will get rid of those seeds and prevent the issue.

Get Rid Of Parasites And Pathogens

Raw manure often has pathogens and parasites that can be harmful to humans. This means that they should be completely killed or eliminated before applying it to any type of crops that will be consumed by humans. When someone makes this into fertilizer granules, you should compost the organic manure firstly. The process will remove the parasites and pathogens from the manure. And then you can process the composted manure fertilizers into granular.

Prevent Water Pollution

If a farmer uses compost that is too moist or soft it can be washed from the fields and into the water source which will pollute it. This can happen because of rain or even through irrigation. When the manure is made into fertilizer granules it is easy to store and it has no possibility of polluting water sources.

Improve The Level Of Nutrients

Fertilizer made from manure has a lot of great nutrients in it but it doesn’t always have all that is needed. When you turn it into granules you are able to add extra nutrients to the fertilizer and further increase the nutrients that you give the ground and your plants. The granules can be made with the perfect balance of the different elements that you want to provide.

It is easy to understand how taking raw manure and putting it through a process to change it into fertilizer granules is beneficial. It helps the environment, and it helps your plants. All of these reasons make it an extremely desirable way of making use of the manure in your fertilizer.

The Industrial Composting Machine: How It Works?

There are three main techniques utilized in industrial composting and each one requires different types of equipment. The three types are: aerated static pile composting, in-vessel composting and windrow composting.

Our compost turner for dealing with organic waste
Our compost turner for dealing with organic waste

Windrow composting is a completely open-air process, which requires large areas of outdoor space. The composting materials are places in long piles of around 5ft in height. The piles are called “windrows” and they require regular turning to ensure fast, complete fermentation. Regular turning means that all the composting materials get to spend time decomposing in the warmest part of the piles where the bacterial activity is at its highest. The open-air nature of windrow composting means it’s most suited for garden waste and backyard waste that does not produce strong odors. The type of industrial composting machine needed for windrow composting is a fully hydraulic compost turner.

In-vessel composting is carried out in an enclosed environment. The technique can process huge quantities of waste with smaller space requirements than the windrow method. Furthermore, it can be used to compost all types of organic waste including animal manure, food scraps, and bio-solids. The process involving feeding organic waste materials into a concrete-lined trench, drum, silo or industrial aerobic fermentation pot. The temperature, airflow, and moisture content can all be more easily controlled due to the contained environment of the decomposing waste. What’s more, to speed up the composting process, the waste can be mechanically mixed to increase aeration and encourage bacterial activity. The vessels used for in-vessel compositing vary in capacity depending on the needs of the industrial composting business.

Industrial windrow compost turner
Industrial windrow compost turner

The time it takes for in-vessel compositing varies from weeks to months depending on the nature of the waste materials. Sufficient time is needed to allow the compost to cool down after microbial activity has ceased. Temperature probes are used to ensure the temperature of the piles reaches 140 degrees Fahrenheit for at least two consecutive days. This is necessary to guarantee that all dangerous bacteria are killed.

The aerated static pile composting process produces compost slowly. The process generally takes around three to six months. The method is ideal for composting homogenous mixes of organic waste and is commonly utilized by municipal waste processing facilities. To ensure the piles of waste are sufficiently aerated, layers of loosely packaged bulking agents, such as shredded paper and wood chips, are added.

Organic waste composting equipment
Organic waste composting equipment

Industrial composting is about more than just producing high-grade soil fertilizers for the agricultural sector; it also helps to deal with mounting waste disposal problems around the globe. It is one of the most environmentally friendly ways to process municipal waste like soiled paper, bioplastics, food scraps, yard trimmings, etc. With an industrial composting machine, it possible to process tens of thousands of tons of organic waste each year.

The cost of industrial composting machines varies depending on the method of composting being adopted by a business. If you are interested in investing in composting machinery, it’s important to determine the function, capacity and processing mechanisms required for your business.

Benefits of Using Cow Dung Powder Fertilizer Production for Agricultural Application

It is an age-old tradition to use cow dung in the garden. Most farmers use fresh cow manure in their fertilizers to improve crop production. But, fresh cow dung contains high levels of ammonia. This usually leads to plants dying when the farmer applies the manure directly. That is why modern farmers use cow dung powder instead of the raw product. They provide a lot of benefits that other types of manure may not offer.

Components of cow dung powder

Cow dung powder is a combination of many things. Although the dung consists of digested grains and grass, the powder used for fertilizer production goes through a composting process. Cow dung contains approximately 1% potassium, 2% phosphorus, and 3% nitrogen. Apart from these three essential elements, it also has a high percentage of ammonia that is harmful for pathogens. That is why farmers use composted cow dung so that it doesn’t contain the harmful ammonia gas.

Commercial cow dung powder making line

Functions of cow dung powder for agricultural applications

Composted cow dung powder adds a significant amount of organic matter in the soil that promotes crop growth. It increases the moisture-holding capacity of the soil. So, farmers will need to water their crops less frequently. Countries that have scarce water supply use cow dung powder fertilizers so that they don’t have to rely heavily on water. The roots of the crop use additional nutrients and water whenever required.

In addition to increasing moisture-holding capacity, cow dung powder fertilizer which produces by cow dung powder making machine also improves soil aeration. It breaks down the compacted soils and increases porosity, allowing the crops to grow quickly. The healthy bacteria present in this type of fertilizer converts nutrients to different accessible forms that release the essential minerals slowly and steadily without burning the tender crop roots.

Composting cow dung powder

Cow dung powder is not only used in the fertilizers but also spread as a top dressing on crop soil. This nutrient-rich fertilizer is appropriate when it comes to producing fresh crops at the start of the growing season.

The composting process starts by collecting cow dung and mixing it with relatively lighter materials, such as hay or straw. Some of the other ingredients used in the compost mix are ash, lime, garden debris like leaves and twigs, and vegetable matter. Most manufacturers produce mass-scale cow dung fertilizer by self propelled compost turner or cow dung powder production line. So, they need sufficient space to allow the pile to get enough air.

Many farmers who need cow dung powder fertilizer in small quantities can make the same in their house. Since it doesn’t require too much heat, the farmer can keep the manure under a shade and keep twisting and turning it to provide air. On the other hand, manufacturers producing this fertilizer in large quantities use composting machines that mix the ingredients in equal quantities. They can control the temperature and also twist and turn the manure periodically.

This is one of the most inexpensive fertilizers in the agricultural sector. But, it helps to produce a high-quality crop, and that’s why most farmers use it widely all over the world.

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New technology allows carbon dioxide capture for 15 per ton

Inventys, located in Burnaby, British Columbia is a cleantech company that produces technologies for the energy and process industries.

Inventys developed the VeloxoTherm process, a new gas separation technology, which uses a structured adsorbent and a rotating cylindrical frame.

Velexo Therm is a high energy and capital-efficient technology for capturing carbon dioxide from industrial flue gas streams.

VeloxoTherm process costs less than one third of existing post-combustion CO2 capture technologies and will finally enable the widespread adoption of enhanced oil recovery and carbon sequestration.

The process has the ability to recover the heat energy produced during the absorption of carbon dioxide and use it to release the carbon dioxide, reducing thereby the overall costs.

André Boulet is a co-founder of Inventys and is the inventor of the VeloxoTherm process. He is an inventor of several advanced gas separation technologies and is cited on more than 20 patent applications in this field.

Inventys was recently awarded 1.9M$ Sustainable Development Technology Canada (SDTC) to demonstrate the VeloxoTherm process with its consortia partners, which include Suncor Energy, Doosan Babcock, and British Petroleum.

Enhanced oil recovery (EOR) is a commercially proven process where CO2 is used to increase the amount of crude oil that can be extracted from an oil field. Since the VeloxoTherm process provides an economical method to separate waste CO2 from industrial flue gases, this waste CO2 can then be used to produce a valuable product – oil.

Inventys is initially developing the VeloxoTherm process for the EOR market and plans to aggressively market it to industrial CO2 emitters that are situated close to planned enhanced oil recovery pipelines.

By 2013, there will be over 500 potential installation sites that fit these requirements in North America alone.

The VeloxoTherm (velox = fast; therm = thermal) gas separation process is a post combustion carbon dioxide capture technol­ogy that has been developed by Inventys Thermal Technologies. This technology enables carbon dioxide to be captured from industrial flue gas streams for 15US$ per tonne of CO2.

The VeloxoTherm process is an intensified temperature swing adsorption process that uses a proprietary structured adsorbent to separate CO2 from almost any industrial flue gas stream.

Simply put, a structured adsorbent is a sorbent material which is arranged into a monolithic structure. The structured adsorbent used in the VeloxoTherm process resembles a honeycomb that preferentially traps CO2 while allowing other gases such as nitrogen and water vapor to pass through it. The favorable balance between hydraulic and transport properties achieved by structured adsorbents significantly increases the gas throughput of the system for a given amount of adsorbent (the specific productivity of the adsorbent). This intensification enables the VeloxoTherm TSA process to manage the very large volume of gas that must be processed from industrial flue gas streams encountered in post combustion CO2 capture applications.

Fixed bed adsorption processes, like the VeloxoTherm process, can be intensified by increasing the feed rate to the process by decreasing the cycle time of the process. The extent to which this approach can be implemented is limited by the pressure drop, mass transfer, and heat transfer characteristics of the adsorbent reactor, all of which are not favorable for a traditional arrangement of adsorbent – packed beds.

The shortcomings of packed bed reactors inherently limit the performance of conventional sorbent systems and therefore these systems are not considered to be bona fide alternatives for the post combustion capture of carbon dioxide. Properly designed structured adsorbents can overcome the limitations of conventional sorbent-based separation processes and greatly enhance their performance and economics.

Structured adsorbents by their nature are immobilized, so fluidization is nonexistent. Also, correctly designed structured adsorbents provide lower pressure drop per unit length than a packed bed of adsorbent, so for low pressure applications, such as post combustion CO2 capture, they are ideal. In addition, structured adsorbents with high cell densities give proportionally better performance than packed beds because of their higher geometrical surface area. Thus structured adsorbents are among the most efficient methods available to pack high adsorbent surface area into a fixed volume while still maintaining low pressure drop.

Adsorption is an exothermic (heat producing) process. When CO2 molecules accumulate on the surface of the structured adsorbent, heat is evolved. When CO2 molecules disperse from the surface during regeneration just the opposite occurs – heat is consumed. As the cycle time of adsorption systems is reduced, management of heat flow during adsorption and desorption becomes increasingly important so that the benefits of superior mass transfer and hydrodynamic benefits offered by structured adsorbents can be realized.

The structured adsorbent developed by Inventys for the VeloxoTherm™ process, however, goes one step further – it has the unique ability to recover the heat energy evolved during adsorption and supply this heat energy to the adsorbent during regeneration. This feature is responsible for the low amount of energy required for adsorbent regeneration – less than 1.5 GJ/tonne of CO2 and is an important factor responsible for the very low net energy consumption for the process.

The VeloxoTherm process is unlike conven­tional adsorption processes that have two or more adsorption reactors operating in an ad­sorption cycle, which is driven by a series of valves. In the VeloxoTherm process the structured adsorbents are fixed in a cylindri­cal frame which rotates. The frame is divid­ed into at least two zones. In the adsorption zone, flue gas enters and CO2 is captured from the stream. As the frame rotates, the structured adsorbents pass into the regenera­tion zone where low-pressure steam is used to release the captured CO2. Be­cause the separation process operates near ambient pressure, a simple sealing mecha­nism can be used to isolate the adsorption and regeneration zones.

The rotary adsorption machine replaces discrete adsorption vessels and the accom­panying complex arrangement of valves and piping. This embodiment has several advan­tages. The rotary adsorption machine is a simple, inexpensive, and a proven design. The rotary adsorption machine can readily be integrated into new and exist­ing chemical processes (heaters, boilers, crackers, cement kilns, blast furnaces, and gas turbines) because it is not tightly inte­grated into existing plant operations. Any in­dustrial facility can continue normal opera­tions during the installation, commissioning, and maintenance of the VeloxoTherm plant.

The VeloxoTherm process is readily scalable. Any number of structures can be assembled to construct a VeloxoTherm plant of nearly any capacity; a plant capacity of 100 tonnes per day of CO2, which would be emitted from a typical process heater in a refinery, would be ap­proximately three meters in diameter where­as a 80 meter diameter VeloxoTherm plant would be capable of processing 5 mega­tonnes of CO2 annually. Having a projected capital cost of US$132-million, a VeloxoTherm plant of this capacity would be suitable for installation on a 500­megaWatt pulverized coal fired power plant.

The VeloxoTherm process is able to capture CO2 from nearly any industrial flue gas stream for a total cost (operating + capi­tal) of 5 US$ per barrel of oil recovered, which is equivalent to a capture cost of 15 US$/tonne of CO2. The VeloxoTherm process presents purified CO2 at low pres­sure so compression and transportation are required for use in EOR applications. This will translate into a field-delivered price of approximately 35US$/tonne of CO2, de­pending, on the nature of the EOR project (the cost for compression and transportation are, of course, application and EOR site spe­cific).

As of now it appears that the industry is gungho about the Veloxo Therm process. Particularly the carbon capture cost of 15 $ per ton of CO2.

Looks like carbon capture and storage is going to happen soon, if Velexo Therm works.