How to make 20 t/h zeolite pellets with bentonite

Creating zeolite pellets with bentonite as a binder is a comprehensive process that requires careful attention to detail and adherence to industry standards. The process involves multiple steps, from the selection of raw materials to the actual pelletizing and drying. Below is a detailed guide on how to produce 20 tons per hour (t/h) of zeolite pellets using bentonite.

Understanding the Raw Materials


Zeolite is a microporous, aluminosilicate mineral commonly used as a commercial adsorbent and catalyst. It has an intricate framework that allows it to trap molecules, making it an excellent material for applications such as water purification, gas separation, and ion exchange.


Bentonite is a type of clay that swells in water and has superior binding properties, making it an ideal binder for pelletizing processes. It is often used in small quantities to improve the pellet’s structural integrity without significantly altering its properties.

Equipment Requirement

Pelletizing Equipment

To achieve a production rate of 20 t/h, high-capacity pelletizing equipment is necessary. This includes a pellet mill or a pelletizing disc, often referred to as a pan granulator, capable of withstanding the heavy use associated with such a high production rate. Besides the above two machines, we recommend drum pelleting machine, which can make 30 t/h zeolite pellets.

Drying and Cooling Systems

Once the pellets are formed, they need to be dried and cooled before packaging or further processing. An industrial rotary dryer and a cooler must be included in the production line to handle the throughput effectively.

Preparing the Mixture

Proportioning the Raw Materials

The first step in making zeolite pellets is to prepare a homogenous mixture of zeolite powder and bentonite. The typical ratio of zeolite to bentonite can vary depending on the desired properties of the end product but usually falls between 95:5 and 90:10.

Mixing Process

The raw materials should be thoroughly mixed to ensure even distribution of bentonite throughout the zeolite. A high-capacity mixer or blender can be used for this purpose, capable of handling the volume required to meet the 20 t/h production rate.


Forming the Pellets

The mixture is then transferred to the pelletizing equipment. Through a combination of pressure, rotation, and perhaps additional moisture, the zeolite and bentonite mixture is formed into pellets. The size of the pellets can be adjusted depending on the equipment used and the desired end product.

zeolite pellets granulating machine
zeolite pellets granulating machine

Pellet Quality Check

Pellet quality should be monitored throughout the production process to ensure consistency in size, shape, and hardness. This can involve manual inspections or automated systems depending on the scale of the operation.

Drying and Cooling

Drying the Pellets

Wet pellets are transferred to a rotary dryer, where they are tumbled at high temperatures to remove excess moisture. The duration and temperature depend on the size and density of the pellets, and this step is critical to ensure the structural integrity of the pellets.


After drying, the pellets are still hot and fragile. A cooler brings them down to a safe temperature for handling and storage, and also helps to further harden the pellets.

Quality Assurance

Testing the Final Product

Before packaging, the pellets undergo several tests to ensure they meet the required specifications. This includes tests for moisture content, crush strength, size distribution, and adsorption capacity.


Once approved, the zeolite pellets are packaged for shipping. Packaging must be chosen based on the intended application and might include bags, totes, or bulk loading for larger quantities.

Troubleshooting and Optimization

Monitoring and Adjustments

Throughout the process, it is vital to monitor the system and make adjustments as necessary. This might involve tweaking the ratio of zeolite to bentonite, the amount of added moisture, or the temperatures in the dryer and cooler.

Regular Maintenance

To maintain a production rate of 20 t/h, regular maintenance of the equipment is essential. This prevents downtime and ensures that the pelletizing process remains efficient and cost-effective.


Producing 20 t/h of zeolite pellets with bentonite requires a well-planned process and the right equipment. By understanding the raw materials, preparing the mixture correctly, and carefully managing the pelletizing, drying, and cooling stages, high-quality zeolite pellets can be produced at scale. Quality assurance is critical in this process, as is ongoing monitoring and optimization of the system to maintain high production rates and product standards. With these steps in mind, a successful zeolite pellet production line can be established and maintained.